Think about Legal Framework in your country: What is the key law that gives a mandate to water utilities?
What powers and duties does this law convey to the water utilities?
There are some exercises which you might consider as useful: [Click the header to read the full text of the exercise]
First, gather your country’s constitution, its national water policy, its development strategies, the applicable laws and the sector organization chart.
- Is there consistency and harmony in the legal framework, national policy, sector organization and development strategy of the water sector in your country?
- How does the functioning and operational management of your water utility benefit from this harmony?
- If there are contradictions and gaps, how would you improve the situation to help water utilities fulfill their mandate in a sustainable way?
- Identify in your country’s Constitution the specific provisions that relate to the water sector.
- Next, demonstrate how the national water policy is a reflection of the constitution. Identify which policy pronouncements are likely to affect the status of water utilities.
- Next, consider perspectives such as the institutional mandate of utilities, decentralization, the possible role of the private sector, social issues and strategic issues.
- What can water utilities do to help implement the national policy and the country’s development objectives?
- What are the priorities of the water sector in your country?
- What are the best strategies to help meet these priorities?
- What is the role of a water utility in implementing this strategy?
- What is the key law that gives a mandate to water utilities in your country?
- Are there other laws that dictate their functioning?
- Are there conflicting requirements in these different laws?
- Please propose an alternative way of resolving this situation.
Analyze the organizational set up of the water sector in your country. At the highest level, describe the functions of the Ministry in charge of water.
- Are water resources management, water services and wastewater services under the responsibility of the same ministry?
- What is the legal status and service area of the water utility you work for?
- To which public institutions is your utility accountable?
- Describe the relationship between your utility and these institutions
Example from Ghana – Having the data: monitoring service delivery